To reveal the quality of life of hospitalized patients
with problems of the locomotor system who have received physical
therapy, and provide a cost analysis.
Patients and Method: Demographic data were recorded for
patients who received physical therapy. Health-related quality of life
(HRQoL) was assessed by 15-dimensional standardized instrument
(15D). The cost was calculated. An economic analysis was made to
consider data from HRQoL and quality adjusted life year (QALY)
Result: Of ninety three patients, 75 were female (80.64%),
18 were male (19.35%) and the average age was 61.45±14.52. The
quality of life was low for the patients with gonarthrosis, hemiplegia,
lumbar disc herniation, Guillain- Barré syndrome, subacromial
impingement syndrome, lumbar spondylosis, cervical disc
herniation when compared with the patients with other locomotor
system problems treated by physical therapy (F=5.89; p<0.05).
The expenses for the treatment of selected diagnosis patients such
as gonarthrosis, hemiplegia, lumbar disc herniation significantly
increased the quality of life of these patients (F=34.12; p<0.05).
Conclusion: Lumbar disc herniation, gonarthrosis and lumbar
spondylosis are the diseases, that reduced the quality of life the
most. The costs incurred for the treatment of these diseases,
significantly increased the quality of life of these patients.There
was no statistically significant difference neither in the quality of
life of other patients that had hemiplegia, Guillain-Barré syndrome,
subacromial impingement syndrome, cervical disc herniation, nor in
the expenses for the treatment of these patients.